Space theme, N1


(Based on Russian traditional decorative art)

Space theme, N2

Collection in the State Darwin Museum:

Space theme, N1Space theme, N2

Vera Shubnikova

Vera (1918-02-19 to 1985-01-12) was born in Moscow in a family of scientists. Her father, Alexey Shubnikov, was a crystallographer, Academician of the Russian Academy of Science and the founder of the Institute of Crystallography. Her mother, Olga Shubnikova-Lebedeva, was one of the first woman scientists studying at the higher women's courses in Germany, graduated from Moscow State University as external student, doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences. She worked with such prominent figures as Fersman and Vernadskiy.

In 1920 her family moved to Yekaterinburg because of starvation. In 1925 her parents were invited to Leningrad, where they lived until the moving of the Academy of Sciences to Moscow in 1934. In Leningrad, she studied painting with the artist B.N. Essen. She graduated from school in Moscow and got admitted in 1936 to the Art department of Textile Institute (in that year other art schools did not recruit). She graduated from the Institute in June 1941. During the war worked in the brigade of MOSH (the Moscow branch of the Union of Artists) for masking patterning of Moscow. In the evacuation worked at the Department of Graphic Ural Poly-technique Institute in Sverdlovsk. After the war, defended the thesis work and received a second diploma.

In 1943, along with several other young artists, she was sent to the restoration of French tapestry and Jacquard weaving to the Markov’s factory (later called MTOK: Moscow Weaving and Finishing Complex), where she developed more than 370 drawings and 20 patterns for tapestries. In 1964, she moved to the All-Union Scientific Research Institute for Processing of Chemical Fibers (VNIIPHV), where she created the drawings for special fabrics and tapestries for aircrafts and submarines.

Member of the Union of Artists since 1956, and in 1959 awarded the title of the artist of the first category. Regularly exhibited her work at exhibitions in Moscow and abroad: Anniversary Exhibition of 800 years anniversary of Moscow, the World Exhibition in Brussels (1958), in the exhibition halls of the Union of Artists at Kuznetsky (1955, 1957), Gorky Street (1955), at Begovaya (1966, 1967, 1971, 1973, 1974), the Academy of Fine Arts (1952), the Library of them. Lenin (1957), in the House of Unions (1957), the Academy of Fine Arts (1952), the VDNKh (1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1974), the Manezh (1960, 1961, 1970), the Central House of Artists (TSDRI , 1961), the Russian Museum in Leningrad (1964, 1993), Budapest (1952), in Genoa (1953), Thessaloniki (1953), Belgrade (1954), Poznan (1954), Milan (1954) in Leipzig (1955), in Izmir (1955), Damascus (1956), Cairo (1957), Budapest (1958), Paris (1974), Sofia (1977), Berlin (1978). A collection of fabrics, with her participation has received the Grand Prix, first degree diploma and a gold medal at the World Fair in Brussels in 1958. Her tapestries have been exhibited at the Leipzig Fair. "French" tapestry beautified several halls of Moscow University. This tapestry broke records of production orders and sales and was in production for 40 years. She was one of the creators of the Bolshoi Theater curtains and curtains of the Culture Hall of the Moscow Textile Institute.

Her personal exhibitions were held in Moscow in the cultural center of the Ilyich plant in 1983 and Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists at Kuznetsky 11 in 1990. Collections of her works were purchased by the Russian Museum in Sankt Peterburg and the Museum of Decorative and Applied Arts in Moscow. A collection of her works in conjunction with the work of Nikolay Fedorov represented the Russian Tapestry art if 1940s-50s in the exposition of the Russian Museum in Sankt Peterburg in 1993. This exhibition has made a long tour through several counties in Europe in the 1990’s.